Arum italicum ‘Pictum’ is, in my mind, essential in any garden where it is hardy. This perennial sends out its foliage in the late fall and remains green all winter.
The handsome leaves resemble arrowheads with strong creamy veining. They make a sensational groundcover. Since one NEVER cuts the leaves off daffodils (Narcissus), the Arum makes a good companion for them in a vase.
In spring a creamy spathe appears. The flower & foliage disappear in the summer, followed by a column of orange/red berries.
If one gardens in zones 6-9 they are indispensable in the winter shade garden.